Weather is a relatively neutral topic of discussion—ideal it's for when you don't want to have a serious or profound chat with someone. However, discussing the weather might imply more than simply attempting to strike up a conversation with a stranger. It's also an easy way for you to find out more about someone else without being too direct or obvious.
The important thing is not to talk about yourself too much or at least not exclusively. Let your conversation drift towards other topics if the other person does the same. You should also avoid talking about your work or your studies unless the other person brings them up first. Finally, try not to discuss politics or religion in a social setting; these are sensitive subjects that can cause tension between friends or family members.
If you're having trouble coming up with something interesting to say about the weather, there are several simple topics that anyone will appreciate hearing about: the weather in your area, what kind of weather you like best, what kind of weather you dislike most, etc. The list is endless!
As long as you aren't going over the top by mentioning extreme weather events (i.e., hurricanes, tsunamis), political changes that affect the climate (i.e., emissions trading schemes), or religious practices that some people may take issue with (i.e., burning candles on Friday nights), then you're good to go!
"How's the weather?" is a conversational manner of inquiring about the current status of the weather, say by someone cooped up indoors with no windows or on a dark night—or, alternately, inquiring about the weather someone is experiencing in a faraway region, like while on vacation. The answer to the question "How's the weather?" will depend on how you as a listener interpret what was asked. If you understand it to be a request for information about the present condition of the weather, then the answer is usually something like "It's cloudy today but expected to be clear later." If you assume that the person asking wants to know about some distant place, then the answer might be more specific than this: "The weather in Paris is very hot and sunny today."
In general, if you want to know how someone is doing in terms of the weather, simply ask them how it is where they are. This also works if you don't know who else is involved in your conversation partner's trip (for example if you're talking over the phone) - you can still find out by asking how they are enjoying their time there.
If they mention something specific about the weather, like "it's raining," "there's snow on the ground," or "it's cold outside," take note of what they said and apply it appropriately.
This section discusses the terminology we use in English to talk about the weather. English speakers like discussing the weather. It's a method of breaking the ice (starting a conversation). People discuss the weather over the phone and in person. Friends and relatives discuss the weather before discussing what's new. Schoolchildren debate the merits of different weather phenomena until they're exhausted.
We use adjectives to describe the weather. These descriptors are attached to names of seasons, parts of the world, and things associated with weather. For example, "a cold winter" or "a hot summer." These words are called adverbs because they modify other verbs, such as "to walk" or "to play." Adjectives can also be used as nouns. Thus, "a beautiful day" is possible. But more often, these descriptions are written out as full sentences: "It was a cold winter," or "The summer was very hot."
An English speaker might say something like "It's nice outside today." This statement uses the word outside to describe the weather. The word inside is used to refer to what's inside someone's body (such as their stomach or heart).
People sometimes wonder if it's normal to talk about the weather all the time. Some say that people who do so much talking about nothing else must be empty inside. That's not true. We talk about the weather because it's important to some people.